His second military coup established a Provisional National Defense Council as the supreme national government; at local levels, people’s defense committees were to take the campaign for national renewal down to the grass roots. The Minister was an innovator in Africa since Ghana was one of the first countries in the continent to reach independence. Be prepared to be served with little-known facts about Ghana, a wonderful and tropical country in West Africa. Ghana’s gross domestic product, export earnings, and living standards began a precipitous decline. Following Ghana’s independence in 1957, Accra became the capital of the newly independent state. Fact 3: Ghana is the first sub-Saharan country to gain its independence from Britain in 1957. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Another one of the interesting facts about Ghana is that Ghana was ranked as Africa’s most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index. One of the scandals that rocked the country broke in 2015 when a journalist, Anas Aremeyaw Anas, released the results of his two-year investigation into corruption in Ghana’s judicial system. The country has flat plains, low hills and a few rivers. It is the day the West African country gained its independence from the British rule. In 1992, in the first presidential balloting held in Ghana since 1979, Rawlings—representing a new party, the National Democratic Congress (NDC)—was elected president. The British-educated leader of independence, Kwame Nkrumah, made his emphasis clear in 1945 at the Pan-African Congress. It is only a few degrees north of the Equator. The flag was shaped on 6 Match 1957 and designed by Theodosia Okoh who was a teacher stateswoman and had an abundance of artwork. Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. In January 1972 impatient army officers intervened again, and the government was taken over by a National Redemption Council (NRC) of military men chaired by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheampong. Ghana - Ghana - Independence: Nkrumah saw independent Ghana as a spearhead for the liberation of the rest of Africa from colonial rule and the establishment of a socialist African unity under his leadership. Kakum National Park. This resulted in a substantial victory for the Progress Party, led by Kofi Busia, a university professor who had consistently opposed Nkrumah. Former Ghanaian vice president John Mahama (seated, centre) after being sworn in as president in Accra, Ghana, just hours after the death of Pres. Fact 5: Ghana gained its independence on March 6, 1957. Ghana benefits significantly from its exports of precious metals such as gold, aluminum, and diamonds. Nkrumah’s administration, the 1966 coup, and the return to civilian rule. Religion: Christian and Muslim. On March, 6th, 1957, Ghana became the first free country in Africa. © 2016 - 2020. Today, however, although Ghana, is a presidential democracy, the Ashanti kingdom still survived in the country as a sub-national proto-state that enjoys constitutional protection. Hilla Limann this failed to produce the radical improvements in the political and economic life of Ghana sought by Rawlings and his colleagues. Ghana has a population of over 23 million people. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Coast Castle. The Gold Coast was renamed Ghana upon independence in 1957 because of indications that present-day inhabitants descended from migrants who moved south from the ancient kingdom of Ghana. Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule. 6 places to visit in Ghana. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is cross… Fact 2: The official language of Ghana is English along with other African languages. The city stretches along the Ghanaian Atlantic coast and extends north inland. The country has an area of 238,500 km2 (92,085 sq mi). The Cape ... 2. Inspired by the Ethiopian flag, the Ghanaian flag was the second African flag to feature a combination of red, green, and yellow. Ghana Independence History. 3. Demonym: Ghanaian. The NDC parliamentary candidate for Abura Asebu Kwamankese has in a Facebook…, The Electoral Commission has responded to alleged cases of some officials…, The NDC parliamentary candidate for the Ayawaso West Wuogon, John Dumelo is…, Member of Parliament for the Odododiodoo constituency, Edwin Nii Lante…, Akua Donkor's Ghana Freedom Party (GFDP) has no party agents to monitor voting…. But a national referendum held to approve this served mainly to show the unpopularity of the SMC. Ghana can be divided into five different geographical regions. The machinery of government was overhauled and conservative financial policies introduced. Mahama faced seven other candidates, including Akufo-Addo, who again represented the NPP. All Rights Reserved - Primenewsghana.com. Ghana is ranked the most peaceful country in Africa by the Global Peace Index. Initially settled by Africans, Ghana was occupied by Europeans since 1492, but it … It has a total population of 27,410,000. 62 Hearty Cheers to Ghana. Ghana has a strong relationship with the United States. The national assembly was dissolved, public meetings prohibited, political parties proscribed, and leading politicians imprisoned. Culture and tradition of the Ghanaian people of West Africa are mixed especially due to the fact that the country boasts of several tribes that ... 2. The country returned to democratic rule in 1992 and has built a reputation as a stable, liberal economy. Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea. With a strong history and culture spanning over centuries, we highlighted some modern facts to know about Ghana. In July 1972 a retroactive Subversion Decree was enacted under which military courts were empowered to impose the death penalty for offenses such as subversive political activity, robbery, theft, and damaging public property, and, from 1973, for the spreading of rumours and profiteering. The Empire is one of the most internationally famous African empires and was extensively studied by the British. 1. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. First Nation In Africa To Gain Independence. source: Wikipedia. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in … Area: 92,099 square miles. Acheampong and Akuffo were executed, and a quick return to parliamentary government was organized. View Images. The square was completed in 1961 to commemorate their independence. Edward Akuffo-Addo, Dr. J. Akuffo, who was less effective in governing than his predecessor. Subsequent investigations by the country’s Judicial Council resulted in the dismissal of dozens of the accused, including some High Court judges. President: John Dramani Mahama. John Evans Atta Mills of the NDC went on to narrowly defeat Akufo-Addo by less that one percentage point in a runoff election fraught with tension. After independence, Ghana faced turbulent times with coups being a common phenomenon. In 1957, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah declared independence. Here are five interesting facts to share with your friends this Independence Day. A constituent assembly produced a constitution for a second republic, and a general election was held in August 1969. The transition from colonialism to Independence for the Gold Coast should be attributed to not only the leader, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah but also the others that are referred to as the “Big Six” (Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, Mr. Obetsebi-Lamptey, Mr. Ako Adjei,Mr. The annual Independence Day celebration is invariably marked by a range of festivities across the country. Gold Coast Ghana. Ghana favours international and regional political and economic co-operation, and is an active member of the United Nations and the African Union. The country shares borders with Côte Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. Regardless of the fact that they had differen… But Rawlings easily snuffed out two countercoups in 1982 and 1983, and it was apparent that there was wide and genuine approval of his purpose of reforming Ghana’s political and economic life. The first contact between Europe and the Gold Coast dates from 1470, when a party of Portuguese landed. Ghana was colonized for over a century by The British Empire, who named the country The Gold Coast due to the abundance of Gold it had. Different ethnic communities come with different beliefs and different cultures. Nkrumah saw independent Ghana as a spearhead for the liberation of the rest of Africa from colonial rule and the establishment of a socialist African unity under his leadership. The country’s primary economic driver is its trove of natural riches. Kwame Nkrumah was deposed through a military coup. 5. The December 7 poll saw a rematch between Mahama, representing the NDC, and Akufo-Addo, representing the NPP; they were the leading candidates of a field of seven that also included former first lady Nana Konadu Agyeman-Rawlings, representing the National Democratic Party (NDP). Capital: Accra. Africa faced brutal colonialism by the Europeans such that gaining independence was the highest aspiration of any nation in Africa. So many Ghanaians have no idea what the independence struggle was like, the colonial era, and even the pre-colonial era. 95. He was reelected to a second term in 1996 with almost three-fifths of the vote. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Meanwhile, Mahama had been sworn in for his first full term as president earlier that year, on January 7. The 1st of October is a very significant day for all Nigerians. The military regime was clearly failing to maintain good order or anything approaching a prosperous or stable economy. But Ankrah failed to redeem a promise to restore parliamentary democracy, and in 1969 he gave way to the dynamic young brigadier Akwasi Amankwaa Afrifa, a principal leader of the coup. Initially, older Ghanaians doubted that Rawlings and his colleagues could provide more effective and less self-interested government than the old politicians or generals, while other young soldiers thought that they could themselves engineer coups to secure the fruits of power. In 1977 the SMC proposed a “Union Government to which everybody will belong,” with no political parties and the military sharing in government with civilians. Some 180 judges, magistrates, and other judicial officials were caught on video demanding money from litigants and accepting bribes. 4. World Facts Index Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. This square is located in Accra and is an iconic landmark for Ghana. John Evans Atta Mills on July 24, 2012. The traditional religious practices of the Ghanaian people were also almost similar. The Ashanti Kingdom (also known as Asante) was one of the most prolific Africa has ever seen and reigned over a large part of present-day Ghana all the way down to the Ivory Coast for over 300 years. 5. But under Pres. The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. Its official name is the Republic of Ghana. In 1975 the NRC was reorganized to include some civilians, but ultimate power was given to a Supreme Military Council (SMC). Eventually, in 1979, as the economy floundered, the government of the generals was overthrown by young officers and noncommissioned officers, led by an air force flight lieutenant, Jerry Rawlings. Before the results were released, however, the NPP had already made allegations of electoral fraud. Gen. Joseph A. Ankrah. Ghanaian Pres. The park holds two main structures, the Independence Arch and the Black Star Monument, which is also called the Black Star Gate. Kokrobite Beach. Jerry J. Rawlings addressing the United Nations Millennium Summit, September 7, 2000. At the end of 1981, Rawlings decided that he and those who thought like him must take the lead in all walks of life, and he again overthrew the government. The empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire after the title of its Emperor, the Ghana. A special prosecutor dedicated to rooting out corruption was appointed in 2018. These free-market measures revived Ghana’s economy, which by the early 1990s had one of the highest growth rates in Africa. It has an abundance of culture with it boasting of at least five major language groups namely; Dagomba, Ewe, Fante, Ashanti and the Ga. The Black Star in the center taken from Black Star line in another shipping corporation which was produced by Marcus Garvey. Mole National Park. Ghana fought for Independence for a very long time ultimately ending in 1957. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. On the Pan-African front Nkrumah’s messianism was increasingly challenged by other leaders of an ever-growing number of independent states. Fact 4: Ghana is heavily dependent on international financial aids. 2. Language: English. It gained its independence on March 6, 1957. Acheampong was replaced as SMC chairman by Lieut. Currency: Ghana Cedi. Gold, cocoa and … Ghana Independence Day 2020-Theme,History & Facts Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast) became the first Sub-Saharan African country to become independent of European colonization on 6 March 1957. NOW 50% OFF! Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence. Akufo-Addo was declared the winner with almost 54 percent of the vote; Mahama, who followed him with about 44 percent, conceded. After the founding of a republic in 1960, the state became identified with a single political party (the CPP), with Nkrumah, as life president of both, taking ever more power for himself. Independence Day celebrations. The court’s verdict, issued on August 29, 2013, dismissed the NPP’s petition and upheld Mahama’s victory; Akufo-Addo accepted the outcome. The day is highlighted by street parties and a national parade of schoolchildren and security personnel at the Black Star Square in the capital Accra. Ghana is a country located in West Africa. Founded in the 17th century by the Ga people, Accra became the capital of the British Gold Coast in 1877. The People of Ghana Type of Government: constitutional democracy Languages Spoken: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga) Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK) National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957) Nationality: Ghanaian(s) Religions: Christian 63%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 21% National Symbol: black star; golden eagle A program to boost the economy by getting at least one factory in each of the country’s more than 200 districts was also launched in 2017. The electoral commission declared that Mahama was the winner with 50.7 percent of the vote—just enough to avoid having a runoff election with Akufo-Addo, who trailed him with 47.74 percent. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa, partly because of its considerable natural wealth and partly because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule. Ghana stands for “Warrior King” in the Soninke language. Ghana Was the First Sub-Saharan Country in Africa to Gain Independence, this must be enlisted in Ghana facts for kids. All these cultures have been intertwined, by way of marriage and association, to help achieve national unity and encourage development. Akufo-Addo’s administration began to follow up on several of his campaign pledges, such as providing free senior secondary education, which was implemented in September 2017. Despite the economic progress that had been made during Rawlings’s rule, much of the Ghanaian press and many Ghanaian professionals remained highly critical of his economic policies and authoritarian political style. Ghana's first President, Kwame Nkrumah, was ousted nine years after independence. Mahama presided over a period of growing discontent caused by a weakening economy—partly due to declining prices on Ghana’s main exports and growing public wage costs—as well as power shortages and corruption scandals. Ghana is one of more than 50 countries on the African continent, but there are some interesting facts about Ghana that show why it’s one of Africa’s most well-known countries. Economic development. 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Whatever your Ghanaian know-how, these 16 interesting facts about Ghana … Five interesting facts about Ghana's Independence, The Ghana Football Association (GFA) has announced the postponement of Great…, A 90-year-old woman has become the first person to be given a Covid jab as part…, The Electoral Commission, EC office in Fomena in the Ashanti Region is in…, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson will travel to Brussels later this week to meet…. The Ghanaian Currency Known because the Cedi Is Actually a … Vice Pres. Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. To celebrate Nigeria’s 60th independence day, here is a list of 5 interesting facts about Nigeria’s independence day that you need to know. She gained her independence on March 6, 1957. Location: Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic Ocean. Celebrations also take place in different parts of the world where Ghanaians have found a second home. By 1966 his dream of African socialism was foundering under haphazard and corrupt administration, massive foreign debts, and declining living standards. Mills died in office on July 24, 2012, near the end of his term. In February, while Nkrumah was in Beijing, army and police leaders rose against him, and his regime was replaced by a National Liberation Council chaired by Lieut. This continued even when he decided that there was no alternative but to follow conservative economic policies—such as dropping subsidies and price controls in order to reduce inflation, privatizing many state-owned companies, and devaluing currency in order to stimulate exports—that would secure International Monetary Fund (IMF) support and other foreign aid. Photograph by … 1. 3. Despite its small size and population of about 28 million, Ghana has one of the strongest economies on the continent. After the electoral commission declared Mahama the winner, the NPP filed a petition with the Supreme Court to challenge the results. Traditionally, Ghana as a nation was divided into three different castes namely, royals, commoners, and slaves. Oil and agriculture are also major pillars of Ghana’s economy. Gen. Frederick W.K. Ghana Independence Day celebrates the country’s independence from the United Kingdom. It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. The British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory lead to the formation of the nation, Ghana in the year 1957. The Name ‘Nigeria’ The name ‘Nigeria’ was coined […] Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain her independence from colonialism. Ghana was colonized for over a century by The British Empire, who named the country The Gold Coast due to the abundance of Gold ... 2. This gives it a warm climate. The coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub. Akufo-Addo was inaugurated on January 7, 2017. He later was selected to be the NDC’s presidential candidate in the December 7, 2012, election. In the December 2008 presidential elections, the NPP’s candidate, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, won the first round of voting but did not secure a majority of the vote. Ghana is one of such countries and a lot of people do not know this but Ghana was the first African country to gain her independence in 1957. To address the country’s economic problems, in 2015 the government received a financial assistance package from the IMF to support economic reform. While the kingdom eventually fell apart in 1957, many of the traditions still live on. B. Danquah, Mr. William Ofori Atta) for their earlier brave and selfless actions for the cause. The party leadership under Awolowo disagreed and replaced Akintola as premier of the West with one of their own supporters. The Flag. The economy and corruption were two of the main themes during the campaign for the 2016 presidential election. Ghana’s Atlantic Coast is lined with old forts (castles) built by various European powers during the 17th Century. Population: 27 million. 4. In fact, the Ashanti monarchy still continues (in a much smaller form) inside Ghana. Since independence, Ghana has been devoted to ideals of nonalignment and is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Ghanian Pres. Rawlings stepped down from the presidency in early 2001 and was succeeded by John Agyekum Kufuor of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) in the first peaceful transfer of power between democratically elected governments since Ghanaian independence in 1957; Kufuor was reelected in 2004. It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea(Atlantic Ocean) to the south. Busia became prime minister, and a year later a former chief justice, Edward Akufo-Addo, was chosen president. Fighting between the members broke out. The design of Ghana’s flag, in turn, influenced that of Guinea-Bissau, which was adopted in 1973. There has been another scuffle in the Odododiodoo constituency in today's polls. John Dramani Mahama was sworn in as interim president later that day. Ghana started its fight for Independence around 1830 about ten years after the British colonized it in 1821. But the civilian regime, handicapped by the great burden of foreign debt it had inherited and the low prices then obtained by cocoa on the world market, was slow to produce the results expected of it. However, when Western Region parliament met to approve this change, Akintola supporters in the parliament started a riot in the chambers of the parliament. Kumasi. The Gold Coast was also attractive to The British due to the wealth of natural and valuable resources to trade such as diamonds, timber, and ivory. The Big Six. For the next 25 years, Ghana was typically governed by military rulers with varying economic impacts. Five interesting facts about Ghana's Independence. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo addressing the United Nations General Assembly's 73rd session, New York City, September 26, 2018. Still, there was a peaceful transfer of power, which was heralded by many observers as proof of Ghana’s democratic stability. Accra is the capital and and largest city of Ghana. Every year, the president delivers a speech of solidarity to Ghanaians. The Nation celebrates its 62nd Independence Anniversary in 2019 and the former Gold Coast has come a long way since independence. Ghana s a multi cultured country. 1. , 2018 this resulted in the center taken from Black Star line in another shipping corporation which was adopted 1973! 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