Each chapter is written by a leading expert in the field. The giraffe is found in such African countries as Kenya, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Uganda, South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana. The brown fur seal and other species of seal occur on the coasts and the waters around the country are visited by numerous species of whale and dolphin. Republic of South Africa. Fossils provide us with a record of the history of life on Earth. CD Anderson The all-women Black Mamba anti-poaching unit is renowned around the world for their committed efforts to protect South African wildlife, in particular the... Pangolins are mammals distinctive for their protective keratin scales and largely solitary existence. Smaller carnivores include mongooses, genets, the caracal, the serval, the African wildcat, the Cape fox, the side-striped jackal, the black-backed jackal, meerkats, and the African clawless otter. South Africa's large areas of semi-desert scrub and grassland might suggest a Comprehensively updated, it now features range maps for most groups. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Downloaded from, The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, "Total number of plant species by country", "Total number of mammal species by country", http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T45020636A95139620.en, "Total number of reptile species, by country", "Total number of amphibian species, by country", List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes, List of marine animals of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, List of seaweeds of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands, Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests, Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets, Nieuwoudtville-Roggeveld Dolerite Renosterveld, Richtersveld Sandy Coastal Scorpionstailveld, Southern Namaqualand Quartzite Klipkoppe Shrubland, Southern Richtersveld Inselberg Shrubland, Stinkfonteinberge Eastern Apron Shrubland, Pondoland-Natal Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Subantarctic Biotic Herbfield and Grassland, Addo Elephant National Park Marine Protected Area, Namaqua National Park Marine Protected Area, Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area, Agulhas Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, Browns Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, iSimangaliso Offshore Marine Protected Area, Namaqua Fossil Forest Marine Protected Area, Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area, Southeast Atlantic Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area, Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, South African Association for Marine Biological Research, South African Environmental Observation Network, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology Virtual Museum, University of KwaZulu-Natal Botanical Garden, List of authors of South African botanical taxa, List of authors of South African animal taxa, Environmental impact of recreational diving, International Union for Conservation of Nature, South African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, National Environmental Management Act, 1998, National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004, National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 24 of 2008, National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 2003, List of field guides to South African biota, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wildlife_of_South_Africa&oldid=983002356, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 17:32. An endemic family of the non-vascular plant is the aquatic moss Wardiaceae. The Cape Floral Region, one of South Africa's eight World Heritage sites, comprises eight protected areas stretching from the Cape Peninsula to the Eastern Cape, cutting across spectacular mountain and ocean scenery and containing some of the richest plant biodiversity in the world. Famed for its national parks and big game, 297 species of mammal have been recorded in South Africa, as well as 858 species of bird and over 20,000 species of vascular plants. These plants and animals do not need as much water as other types of plants and animals. The wildlife of South Africa consists of the flora and fauna of this country in southern Africa. varied and abundant. From big to Rodrigue Katembo, a former child soldier in the Democratic Republic of Congo, has been awarded an international environmental prize for his work as a... Patrick Mwalua drives a truck hundreds of kilometres four times a week to deliver much needed water supplies to animals in Kenya's drought-stricken Tsavo... South Africa is one of the best destinations worldwide for watching marine With approximately 21,000 plant species originating in South Africa, it’s no secret that South Africa is blessed with an abundant floral kingdom. This is a hotspot of diversity of endemic plants, many of which are threatened, and demonstrates ongoing ecological and evolutionary processes. African Savanna National Geographic Society . This region occupies less than 0.5% of the area of the African continent yet has almost 20% of its plant species, almost 70% of the 9,000 plant species being endemic to the region. Then about 2,000 years ago people in the west learned to herd sheep and cattle. Endemic species include the angulate tortoise and geometric tortoise, the Zululand dwarf chameleon, the Transkei dwarf chameleon and the Robertson dwarf chameleon, the Broadley's flat lizard, the dwarf Karoo girdled lizard, the Soutpansberg rock lizard, and the yellow-bellied house snake. , Also included among the fauna are the Nile crocodile, the leopard tortoise, the Speke's hinge-back tortoise, the serrated hinged terrapin, various chameleons, lizards, geckos and skinks, the cape cobra, the black mamba, the eastern green mamba, the puff adder, the mole snake and a range of other venomous and non-venomous snakes. Good Hope Garden Nursery shared some great tips on indigenous plants that you can easily grow and harvest in your very own garden for medicinal remedies and exciting culinary experiences. animal, bird and marine life. The mid-eastern, and highest part of the plateau is known as the Highveld. The Fynbos vegetation consists mainly of sclerophyllous shrubland. The Portuguese sailed around the southern tip of Africa in the late 1400s. The National Flower: King Protea .  Another endangered endemic species is the Natal diving frog. Here's... iSimangaliso Wetland Park: South Africa’s coastal jewel, Global conservation award for DRC park ranger and environmentalist, Saving Kenyan wildlife from drought, one truck at a time, South Africa’s Black Mambas inspire Hollywood film, Zimbabwe’s protectors of the secretive pangolin, AFRICA: OPEN FOR ALL TYPES OF TRAVEL EXPERIENCES, Brand South Africa to participate in Africa Travel Indaba 2019, Transport Minister launches 2018 festive season Road Safety Campaign.  The endemic species include the southern black and blue korhaans, the grey-winged francolin, the Knysna turaco, the Hottentot buttonquail, the southern bald ibis, the forest buzzard, the ground woodpecker, the Cape and Drakensberg rockjumpers, the Cape, eastern and Agulhas long-billed larks, the red, Karoo, Rudd's and Botha's larks, the Cape bulbul, the Victorin's and Knysna warblers, the Drakensberg prinia, the bush blackcap, the Cape sugarbird, the chorister robin-chat, the sentinel and Cape rock thrushes, the buff-streaked chat, the pied starling, and the orange-breasted sunbird. , Elsewhere in the country there are gemsbok, alternatively known as oryx, nyala, bushbuck and springbok. unique mosaic of ecosystems - swamps, lakes, beaches, coral reefs, wetlands, The karoo occupies much of the drier western half of the country; this area is influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic and has winter rainfall. So high is South Africa’s plant … There is a similar story to Africa’s with animals going on in South America, with plants. These countries have wild grassland plains, woodlands, and the savannas which are suited for them. The country has a range of different habitat types and an ecologically rich and diverse wildlife, vascular plants being particularly abundant, many of them endemic to the country. , There are few forests in the country, these being largely restricted to patches on mountains and escarpments in high rainfall areas and gallery forests, and much of the plateau area is covered by grassland and savanna. The Botanical Society of South Africa encourages the wise use of indigenous plants in southern Africa. There are also larger artiodactyl species, such as the Cape buffalo, common eland and the giraffe. and humpback whales and enormous pods of dolphins year-round. South Africa is recognised as one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Families of plants unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae, Bruniaceae, Lanariaceae, Roridulaceae, and Geissolomataceae. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018.  South Africa has the richest diversity of reptiles of any African country. Edible indigenous plants offer a great way to eat well and garden with indigenous plants. , The climate of South Africa is influenced by its position between two oceans and its elevation. There are also black and white rhinoceroses, African elephant, African wild dog, cheetah, leopard, lion and spotted hyena.  Vegetation becomes even more sparse towards the northwest due to low rainfall. , The common ostrich is plentiful on the open grassland and savannah areas. with another must-see list, the Little Five: There's more to South African wildlife than the celebrated "Big Five". Register to receive our latest news and updates. 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