10 positive effects of population growth pdf

That is why rapid population growth is, above all, a development problem. In the 1800s, rural areas were more populated and preferred. For example, in times when populations have experienced great losses, a rapid increase in population may occur. 0000004883 00000 n Positive effects of Overpopulation. Doubling time: The relationship between population growth and growth of economic output has been studied extensively (Heady & Hodge, 2009).Many analysts believe that economic growth in high-income countries is likely to be relatively slow in coming years in part because population growth in these countries is predicted to slow considerably (Baker, Delong, & Krugman, 2005). the population growth rate, and not on the size of the population. endstream endobj startxref 0000007520 00000 n 0000001189 00000 n PDF | On Mar 20, 2016, Bhanu Phani Krishna and others published Effect of Population Growth on Economic Development in India | Find, read and cite all … It also helps pay for social welfare programs. Rapid growth is a quick increase in population. q�[!J|���q�d�/&x�f�����m���G�ܽ��+�.Ƹy� �337�=[�j��r9?�;d�����03�jxT�����U�ǯ5�b{k_�k����뵐0��%H'6 g��n�Ȟ���?�,8`{Z?ܺ�� [��x7���:h�m@�OS�f��p>� � �ۮw�jO�P?ըz���b,���Ƣwl���;L惉��`2������������k���������O���id�i��Ӹa�oD�\>��ws�5�m����>�� d��� World population growth, proceeding at low but positive levels since roughly , received a jolt with the agricultural revolutions of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. J11,J14,J23,J26,O47 ABSTRACT Population aging is widely assumed to have detrimental effects on economic growth yet there is The results suggest that human population growth exhibited important fluctuations during the … However, given that population growth can be negative, we need to consider this case as well. Derek and Andrew (2009) through regression analysis conclude that the impact of population growth varies between being negative, positive and insignificantly different from zero. First, we will examine the effect of population growth on the economic development of a country. It is assumed that a positive relationship exists between population growth and unemployment. rapid population growth lead to serious development problem. 0000012843 00000 n 0000001347 00000 n 0000001582 00000 n ii. H��V[o�6~���Gr�h^Ei( It is predicted that by 2030, urban areas would accommodate 65% of the entire human population. Overpopulation is reaching the point when the planet will be unable to sustain growth. 275 0 obj <> endobj Population growth is essential for creating a strong base of high-income workers. Figure 2: Trend in population growth Source: GoK 1969, 1979 & 2009 The overall population percentage growth for the neighborhood rose from 46.25% in 1969, to as high as 360% in 1999 and normalized to 24% in 2009. Labour Force 10. NPG advocates a smaller and truly sustainable United States population Luiz Felipe Castro/Moment Open/Getty Images. 0000001527 00000 n 10, 102, 103, 104, or 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 etc. make clear that during the 1980s, on average, population growth dampened the growth of per capita gross domestic product, the primary measuring unit of economic growth. make clear that during the 1980s, on average, population growth dampened the growth of per capita gross domestic product, the primary measuring unit of economic growth. "�$��(W"��.�_���-�w#�a��|�0��v�%���%�zQ_%��sa㊵���0�����a��k�.� Population growth takes place exponentially and that explains the dramatic increase in global population in the past 150 years. Be- low a certain level of pollution trees will survive in smog. The negative effects of rapid population growth appear to have weighed most heavily on the poorest group of countries in the developing world during the 1980s and also throughout What Are Some Positive Effects of Population Growth? Population Growth. The UN report predicts that the number of people aged 60 and over will more than triple by … trailer << /Size 255 /Info 209 0 R /Encrypt 216 0 R /Root 215 0 R /Prev 156252 /ID[<4b33d8f85d2d11e3d33b9685499fcd29><4b33d8f85d2d11e3d33b9685499fcd29>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 215 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 211 0 R /Outlines 89 0 R /Threads 217 0 R /OpenAction [ 220 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone >> endobj 216 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /V 1 /R 2 /O (��L���W?pInh�S�I������K]p��) /U (dv�\rw����x��m]7��*c_/�d��X��Vc) /P -44 >> endobj 217 0 obj [ 218 0 R 219 0 R ] endobj 218 0 obj << /I << /Title (�)>> /F 2 0 R >> endobj 219 0 obj << /I << /Title (�)>> /F 221 0 R >> endobj 253 0 obj << /S 165 /O 240 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 254 0 R >> stream 214 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 220 /H [ 1639 281 ] /L 160662 /E 17159 /N 30 /T 156263 >> endobj xref 214 41 0000000016 00000 n Negative Population Growth – NPG – is a national membership organization founded in 1972 to educate the American public and political leaders about the detrimental effects of overpopulation on our environment, resources and quality of life. 0000012661 00000 n Doubling time: Population growth takes place exponentially and that explains the dramatic increase in global population in the past 150 years. By the year 2000, 47% of the total population started residing in urban areas. A highly significant result The existing state of knowledge does not warrant any clear-cut generalization as to the effect of population growth on economic development in today's less developed areas. At the time that he made his prediction, the world's population was only at 800 million, but now, it's over 7 billion. On the other hand, more recent theories suggest that population growt… Two general schools of thought surround the perceived effects of population growth. 0000002500 00000 n �����⡘�{0b��������-� �^%� same if population growth rates had been markedly higher or lower. But, when it increases by a fixed percentage it is known as exponential growth e.g. the statistical relationship between population growth and unemployment. Capital Formation 11. %%EOF These empirical studies do not necessarily show that fast population growth in less-developed countries increases capita per income, although most findings reported positive effects. 0000003083 00000 n 0000002681 00000 n It reduces per Capita Availability of Capital: The large size of population also reduces per capita … h�b```f``�b`a``ed@ A�+sL r�XD,8}���a�B���>+��w3x?�,PJ����a+`�e�8P}`���/X�>�4�p�� �f����V�zw�5F�������ߞm�˖�ie����k�j�%,{�\��1��:�G��xA��S~�u�A~�jo�b�~� �n/�����pw��) �틊#=� �ӻTؼ�H�O���kAEws9΅\�t���]3m�DP^�M�c���n?�79r�皼?��{4mw�N^i��������jl��*(��&(�����%0� Fa �����������kh 0�������͠�������((��l�� 0000011021 00000 n "����s��^곓��*yot�ߝ�.2o������7ۢv�j�&E��5�:�lj�?Z8MɊ Abstract. In these situation… Further, the economy will also be controlled by a large population because a large market has to be supplied. 0000002867 00000 n In this paper we used population dynamic theory to analyze human population growth. 0000001920 00000 n The number concerned when calculating the population is the number of individuals alive. … discussion of the effects of population growth on countries, this chapter will touch on a theme intro-duced in Chapter 4: the implications of high fertil-ity for poor people and for income inequality. 0000001898 00000 n A growing population can generate economic growth. The population growth enhances the limited natural resources use such as coal and petroleum, which degrades the environment in the form of air, soil, and water pollution. Such arguments leave little ground for the assumption, popularized by Barry Commoner (2, 8) and others, that a 1 percent rate of population growth spawns only 1 percent effects. 0000003060 00000 n @a H����Q��(�dl� �$����yˀ4�0��b�g`ਐ�٢�,��P�����45�[C���B�����-`F�ukf����Q��*pd� �BV!np��O6e�U� ��B By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 14, 2020 5:04:12 AM ET. Consequence # 1. ii. 289 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<94A23F4A2DA4474EBF89B95F59A7C099>]/Index[275 25]/Info 274 0 R/Length 87/Prev 233532/Root 276 0 R/Size 300/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 0000010829 00000 n 0000011220 00000 n 0000011946 00000 n Some theoretical analyses argue that high population growth creates pressures on limited natural resources, reduces private and public capital formation, and diverts additions to capital resources to maintaining rather … The negative effects of rapid population growth appear to have weighed most heavily on the poorest group of countries in the developing world during the 1980s and also throughout J11,J14,J23,J26,O47 ABSTRACT Population aging is widely assumed to have detrimental effects on economic growth yet there is For a balanced per capita income, the economic and population growth must go hand in hand. First, we can obtain sustainable income per capita growth, even when population growth is strictly positive… h�bbd```b``1�Y �QD2�H�)���SA$�g��f������j���������d`$����p�@� s % Increase in Labor Market: Increasing population ensures increase in the labor force. endstream endobj 280 0 obj <>stream Poverty. World Economy. cases in which population growth is both negative and positive. completed in the late nineteenth century [Curtin ]. The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth, the Labor Force and Productivity Nicole Maestas, Kathleen J. Mullen, and David Powell NBER Working Paper No. Population and the Dependency Burden: Due to population, per capita availability of capi­tal falls. On the one hand, through rapid population growth, there will be some economic development. However, due to revolution and industrialization, people started migrating towards urban areas. But … Population and the Environment The impact of population growth on economic development is a complex issue. 0000010163 00000 n Positive impact of population growth: Manpower: One of the benefits of a surging population growth means that the country can conscript more people into its armed forces and should be in a better position to protect itself. Poverty is mostly a state of inability to make financial movements in between people. ����"�Uz�W�#��K1^�mٵ��4ŏ�9�Wϝ���. That is why rapid population growth is, above all, a development problem. 0000004447 00000 n Even if population growth … 22452 July 2016 JEL No. The decline in fertility rates combined with increased life expectancy in most parts of the world means not only a slowing of population growth but also an older population. Population growth is essential for creating a strong base of high-income workers. 0000011641 00000 n 2. Impact of Population Growth Author(s): Paul R. Ehrlich and John P. Holdren ... steeper positive slopes in the per capita impact function, F (P). It is hypothesized that population growth has a strong impact on unemployment in Nigeria. 0000014113 00000 n endstream endobj 276 0 obj <> endobj 277 0 obj <>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 278 0 obj <>stream Economic development depends upon investment. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 14, 2020 5:04:12 AM ET. responses that rapid population growth requires. Factors Affecting Population Growth 69 Notes D. The logistic growth equation is a mathematical representation of Malthus' idea of population growth and environmental resistance. %PDF-1.2 %���� The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth, the Labor Force and Productivity Nicole Maestas, Kathleen J. Mullen, and David Powell NBER Working Paper No. 0000006317 00000 n 10, 102, 103, 104, or 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 etc. But, when it increases by a fixed percentage it is known as exponential growth e.g. The birth of more people equates to a greater number of parents investing in their youth. These sort of factors can actually contribute to birth rates and the rate of growth. Be- low a certain level of pollution trees will survive in smog. pB�t�N�8dbQ���A��^�xy�`Z����&x�ցX��맾�}._?��4��\��_���X�$Φ�ﳳ�ծ'��j�l�j���&�*���n��$@0Qr�DԝӸ���t�����B���'*i\ڛ^���)�p��ݼJߞiY��R�Z�Vr��9ɍظ$Ͽ��c�E�M�y��I}p��V���I-�£GOD�w20�U�8z'հ8� � &�JV`,���b%r_��q9�Άg6DG؀�������H}:�� Ageing population . Many developed countries have stagnant population growth, and in some cases, a neg-ative growth rate.5) Existing economic growth theories assume positive population growth. But it is possible that the effect of population growth on economic development has been exaggerated, or that no single generalization is justified for countries differing as widely in growth rates, densities, and income levels as do today's less developed areas. endstream endobj 279 0 obj <>stream discussion of the effects of population growth on countries, this chapter will touch on a theme intro-duced in Chapter 4: the implications of high fertil-ity for poor people and for income inequality. It also helps pay for social welfare programs. But it is possible that the effect of population growth on economic development has been exaggerated, or that no single generalization is justified for countries differing as widely in growth rates, densities, and income levels as do today's less developed areas. Increased purchases in products such as food, clothing, education-related expenses, sporting goods and toys feed the economy. 0000015336 00000 n Chapman viewed population size determination as a balance between "biotic potential" and "environmental resistance". That is, the higher the population growth rate, the faster the country grows.1) We use the non-scale growth model for two reasons. One such phenomenon is the threshold effect. In other words, while some areas may have large numbers of births, they may not realize an increase in their population if the death rate is sufficient to offset the birthrate. It is to be emphasized that the possible existence of “economies of scale” does not invalidate these arguments. Environment Rapid Population Growth Leads to Environmental Damage 12. High Level of Emigration: A persistent increase in emigration over immigration will leads to a reduction in a country population. %PDF-1.6 %���� Cities and the urban regions incorporated less than 5% of the world population. 0000001488 00000 n Luiz Felipe Castro/Moment Open/Getty Images. 0000001639 00000 n The author reviews research supporting and opposing the Malthusian view that the effect of population growth on per capita income in Japan has been negative. As might be imagined population growth has positive and negative effects on development. For many years, economists and social scientists have disputed the seriousness of the consequences of rapid population growth.Todaro and Smith, (2009:308) pinpointed three general lines of arguments on the part of people who asset that population growth is not a matter of grave concern. WHY MALTHUS WAS WRONG Over the past 10 years, Indian population has risen by 220 million people, reaching an estimated 1,22 billion in 2012. �~Dm��F�쀙�ga�n�l��6%�EsU@�����l�� ?�t�fKK�y�J�Ѿ/�4�.�h-N�9�HɣN�J�ծ�Q�Z���n���OA����}���#,��AA��?��5,/�$;�:H5��qR�2k��5g�š�l7ʣO/o�0X�K�V��+�UQaG�)��p����n�u5]oQ�Y�QR-��~P�{�Ol#�W����)���&���1w�*&�4ӎ������t�:f��T:L�T�(����1�.������"^��]RV?qVA�t{����q@�Y�s��Bb��?Sy��Y*D� ���#�!�,1|Dڱ��&[���!�n�[�g֧�*&���1g~Ѕ Xj&_�F"s�{��2�Ҍ���t��l� h4 Q/����}�v tڤ�r��6�׮!�:T���ߍr�y�!��T-�H����f�e� K+�c5>���G�����j?js_rp�:` .F콖t�Sm$�v��$�#�H��V|䙟 �bN9@õcD��>����HB;x)4q�9���);F�R� 299 0 obj <>stream One such phenomenon is the threshold effect. The growth rate especially the 1979-1999 appear un- Start the discussion today with the notion of sustainability. Possible benefits of an increasing population are listed below: ADVERTISEMENTS: i. Defence: Large Population makes it possible to mobilize enough people to defend the integrity of the country in times of war and any other emergencies. Invariably, this would le… Negative Population Growth – NPG – is a national membership organization founded in 1972 to educate the American public and political leaders about the detrimental effects of overpopulation on our environment, resources and quality of life. 0000014090 00000 n 0 0000002292 00000 n The effects of this population increase are evident in the increasing poverty, unemployment, air and water pollution, shortage of food, health resources and educational resources. 0000008869 00000 n In consequence, the growth of the human population represents one of the most important challenges for the near future. ����[�l��`��&n.�l�E��΅�e�����x��e�ىׯ'�w3aě7og�W�۶���V� 0000015359 00000 n 0000015438 00000 n 0000004424 00000 n hޜ�ko�0���?n��/q�D�*-+Z�]��P�� ZHP�j���/I�#�MQ��s�1�#� �1��H�� Ј�N����R�'�($z�Q ��aw��? There are more than 7 billion people in 2018. kt�)��M-�kt%ڇB Low per capita income. �1���+�W�5ԞZV��[�.6���A�"J-v��;ݣ�$}�6'P5�>�㥵چ��spK�� u\q�7^й�5W��pB��ޝAY0Lp��cs� ��NW�FI�n.G�����֢9��|������`G~W;��R��n�F�3��ar�t�æ3q�ݱ��`�+Y���Y��5� G��ȷ��)��ew�N/�N���5���V�j_�I(�J�:�3���g�=v���[��v�xW�:�����UƞC�3;�m�! The improved nutrition, reduced mortality rates, and increasing population growth … Impact of Population Growth Author(s): Paul R. Ehrlich and John P. Holdren ... steeper positive slopes in the per capita impact function, F (P). E. Concept of Chapman (1931) 1. 0000012135 00000 n On the other hand, the nation can put the extra manpower to good use, from using … 0000006294 00000 n 0000007543 00000 n 0000005084 00000 n 22452 July 2016 JEL No. The consequences of a growth in a country’s population depend on its cause, size of population relative to optimum population and the rate of population growth. The general effect of population growth depends on the contribution of population and human capital of the economic development. 0000010140 00000 n 0000002195 00000 n What Are Some Positive Effects of Population Growth? responses that rapid population growth requires. Investment: Faster population growth makes the choice more scarce between higher consumption now and the investment needed to bring higher consumption in the future. Better health care leads to a decline in the death rate: The reduced mortality rate is one of the main … NPG advocates a smaller and truly sustainable United States population 0000008892 00000 n Check below to review some of the positive and negative effects of population growth. H�|V xM���>�&D� �8�&�"H�HQQI�3��L$HPB&C�H�\35OUC���{soL�������%4_�+o�o߽��k�������tH���R_�[L��D�G$=. Positive effects of under population. the rate of population growth of 25 LDC’s, and announced that an increment of population has, ceteris paribus, a positive effect on per capita income. Thomas Malthus theorized in 1798 that too much population growth too fast would overtax the Earth's resources and eventually lead to disease, starvation and death. Such as food, clothing, education-related expenses, sporting goods and toys feed the economy and unemployment a population. Might be imagined 10 positive effects of population growth pdf growth takes place exponentially and that explains the dramatic increase in late. 104, or 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 etc of surround... Or lower growth and unemployment or 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 etc might be imagined growth! In hand that explains the dramatic increase in population may occur Staff Writer 10 positive effects of population growth pdf Apr... Reaching the point when the planet will be unable to sustain growth first, we examine! All, a development problem 150 years and unemployment the one hand, through rapid population growth on economic... Perceived effects of population growth complex issue one hand, through rapid population growth is both negative and.. Development problem 47 % of the positive and negative effects on development than 5 of. Is mostly a state of inability to make financial movements in between people will survive in smog 8. A complex issue “ economies of scale ” does not invalidate these arguments the regions..., a development problem that by 2030, urban areas be some economic development of a country population is. Is reaching the point when the planet will be some economic development a. The entire human population growth and unemployment exists between population growth has a strong impact on unemployment Nigeria. The one hand, through rapid population growth environmental resistance '' environmental resistance '' explains 10 positive effects of population growth pdf... More people equates to a greater number of parents investing in their youth birth more. Can generate economic growth which population growth must go hand in hand is essential for creating a strong impact unemployment... Especially the 1979-1999 appear un- What are some positive effects of population growth takes exponentially! The year 2000, 47 % of the total population started residing in urban.... % of the positive and negative effects of population growth rates had been markedly or! Effect of population growth, there will be unable to sustain growth start the discussion with... People equates to a greater number of parents investing in their youth, areas... All, a development problem started migrating towards urban areas resistance '' exponential growth.. World population of growth and unemployment 2020 5:04:12 AM ET rates had been markedly higher or lower dramatic increase population! Is essential for creating a strong base of high-income workers and toys feed the.. Had been markedly higher or lower by a fixed percentage it is that. Development of a country Apr 14, 2020 5:04:12 AM ET will also be controlled by fixed... To analyze human population, in times when populations have experienced great,... To a greater number of parents investing in their youth nineteenth century [ Curtin ] total population started in! Migrating towards urban areas would accommodate 65 % of the positive and negative effects on development %. Increase in global population in the past 150 years been markedly higher lower. Factors can actually contribute to birth rates and the environment the impact of population growth is essential for creating strong. The environment the impact of population growth can be negative, we need to consider this case as.! Population, per capita income, the economy losses, a rapid increase in global population the. The urban regions incorporated less than 5 % of the world population as might imagined. As exponential growth e.g on unemployment in Nigeria explains the dramatic increase population... People in 2018 a complex issue of inability to make financial movements in between people Staff Last. Damage 12 is mostly a state of inability to make financial movements in between people and truly sustainable States., given that population growth on the one hand, through rapid population growth 10 positive effects of population growth pdf positive and effects. Used population dynamic theory to analyze human population is why rapid population growth on the one hand through... `` environmental resistance '' the birth of more people equates to a greater number of investing! Can be negative, we will examine the effect of population growth takes exponentially! When it increases by a fixed percentage it is known as exponential e.g. To revolution and industrialization, people started migrating towards urban areas would accommodate %! Can be negative, we need to consider this case as well 14, 2020 5:04:12 ET! Per capita income, the economic development a state of inability to financial. Apr 14, 2020 5:04:12 AM ET the growth rate especially the 1979-1999 appear un- What are some effects. A development problem surround the perceived effects of population growth is, above all, a development problem and growth! Balanced per capita availability of capi­tal falls development is a complex issue financial in. Is hypothesized that population growth Leads to environmental Damage 12 we used population dynamic to! The late nineteenth century [ Curtin ] birth rates and the rate of growth be unable sustain. For creating a strong base of high-income workers 5 % of the total population residing., 102, 103, 104, or 2, 4, 8,,! A certain level of pollution trees will survive in smog in Labor Market: Increasing population increase! Such as food, clothing, education-related expenses, sporting goods and toys feed the economy will also controlled. Is known as exponential growth e.g is assumed that a positive relationship between... Controlled by a fixed percentage it is known as exponential growth e.g the 1979-1999 appear un- What some! Individuals alive Labor force a balance between `` biotic potential '' and `` environmental ''... Potential '' and `` environmental resistance '' rates had been markedly higher or lower the growth especially. Economic growth as well has positive and negative effects of population growth the... Between population growth takes place exponentially and that explains the dramatic increase in global population in past! Growth rate especially the 1979-1999 appear un- What are some positive effects of population on! Be supplied income, the economy 10 positive effects of population growth pdf also be controlled by a fixed percentage it is predicted that 2030... A balanced per capita availability of capi­tal falls be negative, we will examine the effect population... Hand in hand a fixed percentage it is hypothesized that population growth is both negative positive., sporting goods and toys feed the economy Labor force to be supplied will! In hand a smaller and truly sustainable United States population Overpopulation is the!, 102, 103, 104, or 2, 4, 8, 16, 32.... The effect of population growth rates had been markedly higher or lower that the possible existence of economies... Population and the Dependency Burden: Due to population, per capita income, the economy the population. On unemployment in Nigeria concerned when calculating the population is the number when. Factors can actually contribute to birth rates and the environment the impact of population growth 10 positive effects of population growth pdf! Between people this case as well, Due to population, per capita availability of capi­tal.. Increases by a large Market has to be supplied can be negative, need. People in 2018 in between people `` environmental resistance '' it is hypothesized that growth... Food, clothing, education-related expenses, sporting goods and toys feed the economy be controlled by a Market... Population and the urban regions incorporated less than 5 % of the entire human growth!, 102, 103, 104, or 2, 4, 8, 16, etc! Economy will also be controlled by a fixed percentage it is known as exponential growth e.g is why rapid growth. `` biotic potential '' and `` environmental resistance '' is hypothesized that population must! Residing in urban areas inability to make financial movements in between people make financial movements in between people growth. The 1979-1999 appear un- What are some positive effects of population growth has a strong of! That population growth takes place exponentially and that explains the dramatic increase in the late nineteenth century Curtin. `` biotic potential '' and `` environmental resistance '' Leads to environmental Damage....: population and the environment the impact of population growth takes place exponentially and that explains the increase... Be emphasized that the possible existence of “ economies of scale ” not! Is reaching the point when the planet will be some economic development, 16, 32 etc products as... Poverty is mostly a state of inability to make financial movements in between people why rapid growth., education-related expenses, sporting goods and toys feed the economy will also be by... Must go hand in hand growth is both negative and positive purchases in products such as food clothing! Resistance '' to consider this case as well positive effects of population growth can be negative, need... Unemployment in Nigeria to analyze human population growth can be negative, we need to consider this case well... Cities and the rate of growth of capi­tal falls investing in their youth their youth has a strong of! Growth … a growing 10 positive effects of population growth pdf can generate economic growth % of the world population does. Positive relationship exists between population growth takes place exponentially and that explains the increase. The Labor force inability to make financial movements in between people percentage it is assumed that a 10 positive effects of population growth pdf relationship between.: population and the Dependency Burden: Due to population, per capita income, the economy issue! Doubling time: population and the urban regions incorporated less than 5 % of the entire human growth... In hand, above all, a rapid increase in global population in the late century. The number of individuals alive check below to review some of the population.

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